Non- Melanoma skin cancer is one of the most fast growing cancers in the world today. There are two main types of non-melanoma skin cancers and they are Basal Cell Car carcinoma and Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
Since these two cancers have different name they also have different symptoms and it is relevant for every one to be aware of their differences.
See below the differences between Basal Cell Carcinoma and Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
With the Squamous Cell Carcinoma:-
The risks of SCCs are serious problems and potentially deadly.
SCC makes up approximately 20 percent of all skin cancers. Approximately three percent of SCCs caused by the sun / UV-B spread to different parts of the body (metastasize) and become internal cancers.
Note also that, 40 percent of transplant patients and prescribed immunosuppressive drugs develop SCCs within five years post-transplantation.
With Basal Cell Carcinoma.
BCCs comprise of approximately 77 percent of all skin cancers
BCC seldom metastasizes (spread inside the body) but has the potential to, and frequently invades locally and destroys by eroding large areas of the skin, which may result in the loss of an ear, eye or nose.
Below is the symptoms and causes of Basal Cell Carcinoma and Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common form of skin cancer, affecting 800,000 Americans each year. In fact, it is the most common of all cancers. One out of every three new cancers is a skin cancer, and the vast majority is basal cell carcinomas, often referred to by the abbreviation, BCC. These cancers arise in the basal cells, which are at the bottom of the epidermis (outer skin layer).
Until recently, those most often affected were older people, particularly men who had worked outdoors. Although the number of new cases has increased sharply each year in the last few decades, the average age of onset of the disease has steadily decreased. More women are getting BCCs than in the past; nonetheless, men still outnumber them greatly.
Chronic exposure to sunlight is the cause of almost all basal cell carcinomas, which occur most frequently on exposed parts of the body -- the face, ears, neck, scalp, shoulders, and back. Rarely, however, tumors develop on non-exposed areas. In a few cases, contact with arsenic, exposure to radiation, and complications of burns, scars, vaccinations, or even tattoos are contributing factors.
Symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma.
There are four different types of Basal Cell Carcinoma, they are:
- These nodules are waxy or pearly in appearance and may have some superficial transparent blood vessels.
- Cicatricial or Sclerosing.
- Yellow and waxy, when treated by whatever means difficult to completely eradicate with a high regrowth recurrence rate.
- Erythematoid or Superficial.
- Raised, pinkish and scaly spots
- Dark brown or black spots, those are relatively uncommon and are confused with the deadly melanoma.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), is the second most common skin cancer after basal cell carcinoma, afflicts more than 200,000 Americans each year. It arises from the epidermis and resembles the squamous cells that comprise most of the upper layers of skin. SCCs may occur on all areas of the body including the mucous membranes, but are most common in areas exposed to the sun.
Although SCCs usually remain confined to the epidermis for some time, they eventually penetrate the underlying tissues if not treated. When this happens, they can be disfiguring. In a small percentage of cases, they spread (metastasize) to distant tissues and organs and can become fatal. SCCs that metastasize most often arise on sites of chronic inflammatory skin conditions or on the mucous membranes or lips.
In most cases Squamous Cell Carcinoma are caused by unprotected, long-term exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. They usually occur on the sun-exposed skin of people who have spent a great deal of time outdoors, especially those with fair complexions and blue eyes. Occasionally, cancer develops within a scaly patch of sun-damaged skin called actinic Keratosis, which has a pink, yellow or brownish tint.
Squamous cell carcinomas may also occur where skin has suffered certain kinds of injury: burns, scars, long-standing sores, sites previously exposed to X-rays or certain chemicals (such as arsenic and petroleum by-products). In addition, chronic skin inflammation or medical conditions that suppress the immune system over an extended period of time may encourage development of Squamous cell carcinoma.
Symptoms of Squamous Cell Carcinoma
- SCCs are usually scaly and crusting
- SCCs may also develop from skin ulcers, scar tissues, and x-ray damaged tissues, if this occurs then the chance of metastasis (spreading to other parts of the body) is estimated to be 20 percent of all cases. In addition, some 40 percent of transplant patients who are on immunosuppressive drugs develop SCCs within five years post-transplantation.
- Usually appears as a tiny, painless nodule or patch that sometimes is surrounded by an area of inflammation.
- The surface of the cancer can be scaly, crusted or warts like, and its center can form an open sore.
Treatment of Basal Cell Carcinoma and Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
- Electrodessication and Curettage - the cancer is burned and removed with a sharp instrument.
- Cryosurgery - the cancer is killed by freezing it.
- Excision - the cancer is cut from the skin along with some healthy tissue around it.
- Micrographic surgery - the cancer is cut from the skin, along with some of the healthy surrounding tissue. The doctor then uses a microscope to examine the area for any remaining cancer cells.
- Laser surgery - a narrow beam of light is used to remove the cancer.
- Curaderm-BEC5 - a new Topical skin cancer cream. After over 20 years of Medical Research Curaderm-BEC5 has proven to be effective for all Non-Melanoma skin cancer Curaderm-BEC5 traces the cancer cells from the surface of the lesion to deep below the skin tissue. The cancer cells form a 'train track' for the Curaderm-BEC5 to follow and destroy along the
way. Since cancer cells always invade cells around them they infect
healthy cells and in the end a long line of cancer cells are lined up
and multiplying in every direction. Using the natural clumping of the
cancer cells the BEC-5 locates and destroys every single cancer cell.
For more information check out: www.skincanceradvice.info